3D renderings of Solar System bodies

These renderings show Jupiter, its large Galilean satellites and in some cases also the Voyager and Galileo spacecraft that have explored the Jovian system. I didn't use the same map for all of the renderings of Jupiter. In some cases I used a map created from photos obtained by the Voyager 2 spacecraft and in other cases a map from photos obtained by the Cassini spacecraft. The difference between these two maps shows that Jupiter's appearance is highly variable although its overall color and especially brightness probably vary somewhat less than these renderings might suggest. Click the images to see larger versions.

The Jovian system
jup_eu_io_crescent_plume.jpg (31001 bytes) New Europa with crescent Jupiter and volcanically active Io in the distance. The field of view is 20°. jup_io_northern_plume.jpg (29151 bytes) New Volcanically active Io with a big volcanic plume in the far north. This image has a field of view of 20°.
jup_juno_pj31_04464.jpg (30627 bytes) New The view from the Juno spacecraft shortly before closest approach to Jupiter during its orbit 31 around Jupiter. Here the altitude above the cloud tops is only a few thousand km. The field of view is 90°. Clouds and hazes of various size, shape and color are visible, some of them semi-transparent. This is actually a still frame from an animation I made some time ago. jup_io_plume_silh.jpg (31330 bytes) New A plume from an eruption occurring just behind Io's limb silhouetted against bright Jupiter. The field of view is 25°.
Amalthea, one of Jupiter's small satellites. The large scale details are approximately correct whereas small scale details are fictional. The nightside is illuminated by Jupitershine. Amalthea against Jupiter's vast backdrop. The field of view is 30°. Amalthea's long axis is pointed towards Jupiter. Here we are looking at the end that points to the right in the preceding rendering.
Galileo G7 Europa flyby The Galileo spacecraft near Europa during its G7 orbit in April 1997. This rendering has a field of view of 25°. Galileo Amalthea flyby Late in its mission Galileo flew by Amalthea. This is an updated rendering based on an old one I did before I knew the flyby geometry. The actual flyby geometry was different but I was fairly happy with the rendering so I didn't change the flyby geometry.
Galileo G28 Ganymede flyby This rendering shows the Galileo spacecraft shortly after closest approach to Ganymede during its G28 flyby in May 2000. The field of view is 35°. Galileo E6 Europa flyby The Galileo spacecraft during its E6 flyby of Europa in February 1997. The crater Pwyll is visible near the terminator (left). The field of view is 50°.
Io and Europa in front of Jupiter with the Great Red Spot visible Europa (lower left) and Io against Jupiter's vast backdrop. The field of view is rather narrow (8°) so this is similar to what one might see when looking through small binoculars from a spaceship near Jupiter. A close-up of Jupiter's southern hemisphere A close-up uf Jupiter's southern hemisphere. The Gread Red Spot (GRS) is prominent as well as a white spot to its south. The white spot is several decades old and the GRS probably centuries old.
Galileo's I24 Io flyby Playing With Fire
Galileo's I24 Io flyby in October 1999. The eruptions visible on Io are fictional.
Jupiter, Europa and Io Threesome
Europa at left and Io transiting Jupiter's disc. This rendering has a field of view of 28°.
Jupiter's north polar region Jupiter's north polar region. At approximately 35° north the regular east-west banding breaks up into a darker and more irregular pattern of spots and filamentary structures. Frost in Ganymede's northern hemisphere A view of Ganymede's high northern latitudes showing Galileo Regio (left) and Xibalba Sulcus (right). This area is covered with water ice frost, making it brighter than areas closer to the equator. The field of view is 45°.
The Great Red Spot A view from an altitude of 45000 km showing the solar system's largest weather system, the Great Red Spot, emerging from the 5 hour long Jovian night. The field of view is 35°. A close-up of Jupiter Another rendering, this time from an altitude of 55000 km. The dark belt of clouds at center left is the North Equatorial Belt. To its right the brighter North Tropical Zone can be seen.
Europa and Io in front of Jupiter Ganymede appearing from behind Jupiter's limb, Europa (top left) and Io. The distance from Jupiter's center is 1 million km and the field of view is 7°. Jupiter's southern hemisphere Jupiter's southern hemisphere showing the Great Red Spot, the solar system's largest weather system (larger than the Earth !). It is also quite old, having been (probably) around for at least 300 years.
Jupiter and Io Jupiter and volcanically active Io. The distance to Io is about 20000 km and the field of view is 30°. Jupiter, Io and Europa Jupiter from a distance of 695000 km. Europa is also prominent at a distance of 25000 km and Io is visible in the distance. The field of view is 30°.
Voyager 1 at Jupiter Voyager 1 at Jupiter, showing it less than an hour before closest approach. The spacecraft is rendered in POV-Ray using Constantine Thomas's model of it. Europa, Jupiter and Io Jupiter's satellite Europa with Io transiting the face of Jupiter in the distance. This view has a field of view of 20°.
Europa - global A global view of Europa from a distance of 10000 km. This satellite may hide a liquid water ocean below its smooth, icy surface. A global view of Europa Europa with the crater Pwyll prominent in the southern hemisphere. The bright, icy ejecta around Pwyll indicates that it is a relatively young feature.
Europa showing hemisperical color differences Europa from a distance of 12500 km. Note the color difference between the leading hemisphere (left) and the trailing hemisphere (right). Europa's soutern hemisphere The southern hemisphere of Europa showing wedge-shaped features (above and right of center) and the impact crater Pwyll and the bright, associated ejecta (left).
Europa's northern hemisphere A part Europa's northern hemisphere from an altitude of 2500 km showing smooth, bright plains, long, dark bands and "freckles". Europa / Tyre impact basin Another view of Europa's northern hemisphere showing the dark, circular impact basin Tyre (near the top and a little right of center) and various other features.
Jupiter and Ganymede A "portrait of giants" showing Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system and Ganymede, the solar system's largest satellite. Ganymede This view of Ganymede is similar to a well known photo by the Voyager 2 spacecraft although the viewing geometry is slightly different.
Ganymede's leading hemisphere A rendering of Ganymede's, leading hemisphere from a distance of 18000 km. The bright spot near center is the crater Tros. The field of view is 25°. Ganymede: Perrine Regio and Tros A close-up showing Perrine Regio (big, dark region) and the bright creater Tros to its lower right. The distance from Ganymede's center is 8000 km and the field of view is 25°.
Ganymede's Osiris crater Ganymede's Osiris crater from an altitude of less than 1500 km. The field of view is 30°. There is a lot of bright icy ejecta around Osiris, indicating it is relatively young. Ganymede's north polar region A fictional view from above Ganymde's north pole, fictional since the sun never shines on Ganymede from above the poles. Note the bright polar cap. Some of the details near the pole are fictional.
gan_poles.jpg (1515 bytes) A distant view of Ganymede showing its polar caps. They extend as far from the poles as latitude 45 degrees N/S and are probably caused by ice. gan_gll_regio.jpg (2467 bytes) Ganymede's big, dark Galileo Regio covers most of this rendering. It has lots of concentric ridges and closeup views show it to be very rough like many areas on Ganymede.
Craters near Ganymede's north pole and Jupiter's crescent in the distance Craters and other features on Ganymede with Jupiter's narrow crescent visible in the distance. The field of view is 30°. Ganymede and Callisto in front of Jupiter Ganymede and Callisto (closer) appear in front of Jupiter in this narrow angle (1°) rendering. The distance from Jupiter's center is 3 million km.
A global view of Callisto A view of Callisto from 27000 km away. The field of view is 17.5°. The bright spots are impact craters. Callisto's two biggest impact features are visible, Valhalla (right) and Asgard (upper left). Callisto's Adlinda impact feature The Galileo spacecraft had views like this of Callisto during its G8 orbit except for a narrower field of view. The Adlinda impact feature is prominent at lower right.
Callisto's Valhalla impact basin The huge Valhalla impact basin is prominent in this rendering of Callisto. Craters on Callisto There are not many types of features visible in this rendering of Callisto; just craters everywhere. But strangely, at very high resolution the surface is rather smooth.
Callisto and Jupiter A closeup of Callisto with Jupiter visible in the distance. The small crescent of Ganymede can also be seen transiting Jupiter's nightside. The bright feature is the crater Burr. The field of view is 20°. Io with Pele visible at left A global view of Io showing an enormous red, heart shaped area of volcanic deposit. The volcano itself is in the heart's dark center.
Volcanic eruptions on Io Io with two volcanic eruption plumes visible in forward scattered sunlight. Jupiter's crescent is visible in the distance. The field of view is 50°. Mountains near Io's terminator Big mountains are one of Io's characteristic. The height of some of these is 10-15 km. A few mountains are visible near the terminator in this rendering of Io from a range of 20000 km. The field of view is 18°.
Io's Loki and Ra Patera Another view of Io showing two major volcanoes, the dark Loki Patera (center) and Ra Patera (lower left). Most of the surface relief near the terminator is fictional. Europa sunrise Sunrise on Europa with its nightside illuminated by "Jupitershine". This view has a field of view of 75°.
io_jup_crescent.jpg (1971 bytes) Io's equatorial region with Jupiter's crescent visible in the distance. Jupiter's Great Red Spot is partially visible near the terminator. On Io many volcanic features can be seen. The field of view is 35°.

All renderings are copyright © 1998-2021, 2022 Björn Jónsson